Appendix H

Appendix H

Relevant Reports and Research

The report contains reliable information pertaining to voter communication. Yet its brevity is such that we were forced to synthesize information for quick — yet no less accurate — consumption. 

We’ve decided to re-expand and re-open the conversation by including what we found to be the most relevant, insightful, and engaging reads across a range of topics — from hacking and cybersecurity to voter suppression and gerrymandering.

The literature included below stems from two major branches: academia and NGOs. Neither exists independently of the other, but, for the purposes of categorization, the list has been delineated along those terms.

Though this list is exhaustive, it is by no means definitive; as such, we’ll be periodically updating it, so stay tuned for additional documents — and feel free to send anything you think should be on the list our way.

Table of Contents

Organization Publications


“Voting in 2020”

Bipartisan Policy Center
Accessing the Vote During a Pandemic”

Christopher Thomas and Matthew Weil

Bipartisan Policy Center
BPC Issues Recommendations to Enhance Legitimacy of November Vote Counting”

Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
Can Democracy Survive in the Information Age?”

Eric Rosenbach and Katherine Mansted 

 Brennan Center for Justice
Social Media Monitoring”

Faiza Patel, Rachel Levinson-Waldman, and Raya Koreh

Brookings Institution
“What really drives voters to the polls?”

Brookings Institution
Why the U.S. needs a pandemic communications unit”

Heidi Tworek


California Voter Foundation
“California Online Voter Guide”

California Voter Foundation
“Rejected ballots – a preview of CVF’s study findings and recent news coverage”

California Voter Foundation
Online Voter Tools – Check Your Status”

CATO Institute
China’s Coronavirus Policy Will Impact the U.S. Presidential Election”

Ted Galen Carpenter

CATO Institute
The Internet, Political Polarization, and the 2016 Election”

Levi Boxell, Matthew Gentzkow, and Jesse M. Shapiro

Campus Election Engagement Project
“Educate on Issues, Candidates and Why Elections Matter”

Campus Election Engagement Project
Engagement Resources”

Campus Election Engagement Project
Social Media, Memes and Videos”

Center for American Progress
17 Ways Companies Can Help Americans Vote Safely”

Alex Tausanovitch, Sarah Bonk, and Richard Eidlin

Center for Civic Design
Messages and notices to help voters be well informed”

Center for Civic Design
Modernizing voter registration”

Center for Civic Design
Vote-at-home envelopes and information”

Center for Election Innovation and Research
2020 VRDB Security Report”

Center for Tech and Civic Life
“Affordable Resources for Delivering Online Election Training & Virtual Conferences”

Center for Tech and Civic Life
Hillsborough County, Florida “Delivers” Election to Voters”

Center for Tech and Civic Life
Pocket Voter Guide Available for Michigan Primary”

Center for Tech and Civic Life
Rhode Island Simulates Election Day to Reduce Wait Times”

Center for Tech and Civil Life
“Stanford – MIT Healthy Elections Project: Resources for Election Officials”

Center for American Progress
20 Ways Cities Can Promote Safe and Effective Elections in November”

Danielle Root 

How Ohio Continued to Silence Black and Brown Voters in a Vote-by-Mail Election”

Election Integrity Partnership
Examining Twitter’s policy against election-related misinformation in action”

Election Integrity Partnership
“Evaluating Platform Election-Related Speech Policies”

Election Integrity Partnership
Misleading Ads Highlight Loopholes in Google’s Policies”

By Daniel Bush

Fair Elections Center
Older poll workers are afraid to work this fall. Younger Americans should step up”

Academic Articles
  1. Adriano Udani, et al. “How Local Media Coverage of Voter Fraud Influences Partisan Perceptions in the United States,” State Politics & Policy Quarterly, 18(2), 193–210, 
  2. Andrea Roemmele and Rachel Gibson. “Scientific and subversive: The two faces of the fourth era of political campaigning,” New Media & Society, 22(4), 595–610, 

  3. Clare Adida, et al. “When Does Information Influence Voters? The Joint Importance of Salience and Coordination,” Comparative Political Studies, 53(6), 851–891,

  4. David H. Weaver. “What Voters Learn from Media,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 546(1), 34–47, 

  5.  Jakob Ohme, et al. “The uncertain first-time voter: Effects of political media exposure on young citizens’ formation of vote choice in a digital media environment,” New Media & Society, 20(9), 3243–3265,
  6. K.K.V. Königslöw. “Voter Behavior and Communication” In G. Mazzoleni (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of political communication. Wiley-Blackwell. 

  7. Nathan Walter, et al. “Communication Ecologies: Analyzing Adoption of False Beliefs in an Information-Rich Environment,” Science Communication, 40(5), 650–668, 

  8. Olle Folke, Johanna Rickne. “Who wins preference votes? An analysis of party loyalty, ideology, and accountability to voters,” Journal of Theoretical Politics, 32(1), 11–35, 

  9. Richard Burke, et al. “ Party Competition, Personal Votes, and Strategic Disloyalty in the U.S. States,” Political Research Quarterly, 

  10. Sara K. Yeo, et al. “Selecting Our Own Science: How Communication Contexts and Individual Traits Shape Information Seeking,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 658(1), 172–191,
  11. Shane P. Singh and Jason Roy. “Compulsory voting and voter information seeking,” Research & Politics, 

  12. Thomas B. Ksiazek, et al. “Television News Repertoires, Exposure Diversity, and Voting Behavior in the 2016 U.S. Election,” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 96(4), 1120–1144, 

  13. Lance Bennett. “The Personalization of Politics: Political Identity, Social Media, and Changing Patterns of Participation,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 644(1), 20–39,

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